November, 24 2018- Saturday 9.30 – 11.00 HALL A
The family is under multiple threats in modern society. Problems such as decline of intergenerational communication, increase in divorce rates, the ongoing issue of domestic violence, urban spaces having negative effects on the family structure, increase in drug and media addiction and social isolation are directly or indirectly affecting family structure and unity. On the other hand, despite these negativities, the family continues to carry out its vital functions in terms of the individuals and social and political structure. It plays an important role in the preservation and empowerment of the social structure by promoting the moral values such as mutual aid, solidarity and sharing. The modern world also offers important opportunities for families to be strengthened. Supporting mechanisms, such as therapies, help families who are going through issues overcome manageable problems. In this session, the threats awaiting the family in the modern world, as well as the ongoing functions of the family and the possibilities offered by the modern world for the family empowerment are going to be addressed from different perspectives; and related policies of various countries will be discussed in detail.
9.30 – 11.00 HALL B
The working woman has a dual role in terms of her responsibilities for her family and professional life. Some women, who decide that they cannot perform these roles together, are either compelled to compromise on their family life by choosing their profession, or compromise on their work life by choosing to be housewives. Many women who want to pursue a career make use of their education four themselves and for their country cannot spend enough time with their families due to the conflict they experience in these roles, which either creates a psychological pressure on women, or causes them to be hesitant in getting married and starting a family. Policies that regulate working conditions in a way that takes into account the needs of women and the time they need to devote to their children, that provide part-time working opportunities for women, develop nurseries and care facilities at workplaces, and ensure sharing of responsibilities in family between spouses can make it easier for women to take part in the work life, and also contribute to ensuring the integrity of family. This session will address policies and suggestions that women take part in the work life without harming the unity of their family and neglecting their children, will also underline the active participation of men to this process.
11.15 – 12.45 HALL A
All religions regard the family as the foundation of human life. All of them contain values and norms that contribute to the provision of family unity, the empowerment of family relations and the continuity of the family as an institution. In addition to the values they have, religions provide important opportunities for the family institution through emotions such as sharing, cooperation, solidarity, compassion, kindness, mutual love and respect cultivated among their members. This session will focus on the outlook of religions, notably Islam, on the family, the importance they attribute to the family, the roles of the spouses in the family, the ways in which the family members can benefit more from the religious services and the related suggestions and policies will be discussed.
11.15 – 12.45 HALL B
There are both positive and negative effects of the media on the family. Educational programs in the media contribute positively to intra-family relations, distribution of roles in the family, relationships between spouses, and parent-child interactions. However, there are negative effects of communication tools and social media due to reasons such as their ability to reveal family privacy, make virtual infidelity possible, change family and marriage expectancy, cause social isolation, pave the way for corrupting family loyalty, change expectations and destroy value systems. This session will discuss the positive and negative effects of mass communication tools and social media on the family, as well as suggestions and policies to strengthen the intra-family relations and the unity of the family are expected to be made against the negative effects of the media. On the other hand, suggestions for increasing the positive effects of the media that has become indispensable in today’s world.
14.00 – 15.30 HALL A
Violence is a multidimensional problem with its physical, psychological and deprivation aspects. Beside women, children are also exposed to domestic violence. Violence has multidimensional effects on the family. Both in Turkey and in other countries, most of the divorces, and the consequent disintegration of the institution of family is caused by violence. Moreover, violence has profound psychological effects on family members. Turkey has developed significant policies on this issue and acceded to the relevant international conventions within the last fifteen years. Despite all this, unfortunately violence is still an ongoing problem. This session will focus on successful examples / practices in the fight for elimination of violence and effective policies to be developed in this respect, with reference to the experiences from different countries. Different dimensions of violence and abuse against women as well as children will be discussed.
14.00 – 15.30 HALL B
This session will address two issues which are directly or indirectly linked to each other: Conflict and poverty. The wars and conflicts in different regions of the world have the most destructive effects on the institutions of family. As a result of wars and conflicts, families are displaced, falling apart, and becoming impoverished. Families that have been displaced are faced with fundamental problems such as accommodation, financial difficulties, health, and adapting to the places they take refuge in.
On the other hand, poverty as a multifaceted social problem, deeply affects the family. Family members, surrounded by poverty, face problems related to education, health, nutrition and sheltering in decent conditions. This session will focus on the effects of conflict and poverty on the structure, integrity and the members of the family, as well as the policies and measures to protect the family against poverty. In this context, the policies and strategies to be developed by the public sector, the private sector, local governments and non-governmental organizations to combat poverty will be specifically addressed.
15.45 - 16.45 HALL A
16.45 - 17.00 HALL A